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Current situation analysis and types of Chinese individual protection standard is introduced
Individual protective equipment is to protect the laborer from external damage, important equipment to ensure the safety and health.How to reduce the casualties in the process of production, improve the level of individual protection, reduce property loss, is our country government focus on the production safety problems.
A, the status quo of China's individual protection standards 1. About the individual protection laws and regulations Order to regulate the standardization, the National People's Congress in December 1988, passed the standardization law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the standardization law), and in April 1989.Standardization law promulgated, to promote the standardization and development of the socialist market economy has very important significance.In April 1990, the state council promulgated the "standardization law implementing regulations of the People's Republic of China, in the standard formulation, revision, the scope of mandatory standard and legal liability and so on more specific rules, further enrich and perfect the content of the standardization law, become the important supporting the standardization law and regulations.In recent years, our government has stepped up efforts to solve the individual safety problems in industrial production, and gradually perfect the laws and regulations and supervision and management mechanism, the individual safety standards for in line with international standards.In May 2002 on the implementation of the law of the People's Republic of China on the prevention and control of occupational diseases and in November 2002, the implementation of the production safety law of the People's Republic of China, is in the form of national law to protect the fundamental interests of the laborers, and strengthen the security protection of laborer, to prevent and reduce occupational hazards, and as the country the focus of the supervision and administration of production safety work.Supporting the implementation of the regulations and the two laws and administrative rules are also developed.The enactment and implementation of the laws and regulations to standardize China's individual protective equipment work gradually took to the stage management in accordance with the law.2. Individual protection standards and implementation Since the reform and opening, our country in the aspect of strengthening laborer individual protection formulated and promulgated a series of national standards and industry standards.Individual protection standards has two forms: one is specially formulated protection standards, the other is in the product standard or other standard listed in the relevant protection requirements and indicators.Tell from the standard content, protection standards are: protective basic standards, protective methods and protective equipment products standard and special equipment safety standards, etc.Main purpose is to people in danger and damage may occur in the labor protection, and make the job of the damage down to a minimum.In our country, safeguard human health, personal and property safety standards for compulsory standards, require compulsory execution, such as: GB12011-2000 "electric insulation shoes general technical conditions", "helmet", GB6095 GB2811-1989-1985 "seat belt" and so on.In accordance with the provisions of the WTO/TBT agreement mandatory standard is one of the main form of technical regulations in China, do not conform to the compulsory standards it is prohibited to produce, sell and import and export of products.Individual protection standards in our country, because is closely related to people's life and property safety, comply with the WTO/TBT agreement about the mandatory standard of justification, so most as the compulsory standards, this is not only beneficial to the management of supervise, guide, supervise and urge enterprises to improve product quality and safety performance, and can effectively protect the interests of the nation and people.According to preliminary statistics, 96 individual protection standards in our country, including 70 national standards, industry standard 26.At present, the thousands of individual protective equipment manufacturing enterprises in our country, tens of thousands of people employed, all kinds of individual protective equipment on the market, abundant and basically met the domestic economy.
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